The vast majority of people in IT communities consider server rooms to be a relatively small area ranging anywhere from a few dozen feet to several hundred square feet. If a room is significantly larger than that and starts housing computer equipment, it can become a data centre. However, technically speaking, a server room can be just about any size
Server rooms can also be virtually any shape. In most instances, however, server rooms usually serve another purpose, such as a print shop, storage area, or office space. Due to this, the room can be laid out in an atypical way. The reason why this is important is that it has the potential to impact the planning for managing the environment, including cooling and airflow. There are many different types of UPS.
Server Room Unique Design Aspects
When small businesses start growing and requiring computer servers along with other pieces of equipment, it isn’t uncommon for them to designate a specific area to place them. In most instances, it is a small, temporary, out of the way space that can only hold a small amount of equipment. Ensuring that computer equipment operates properly is hardly the specific purpose of the design of those “computer closets.”
Once a company either designs or upgrades a space to a server room, it should have certain things set up. With a specific design, it is possible to avoid issues that may come with a new server room. A server room needs to have some, or perhaps even all, of the following design aspects added for the proper functioning of technical equipment:
Precise Environmental Control: The server room needs to have sensors throughout the space for measuring both humidity and temperature. Environmental control systems should also be installed to always keep the entire space at the desired levels.
DMARK Location: Server rooms usually have multiple data circuits coming in, often from different telephone companies. It is important to have just one location (DMARK point) where the responsibility of the telco ends and is passed off to the business.
Physical Security: Server rooms usually house thousands, or even million, of pounds’ worth of equipment. Furthermore, the data stored in those rooms could be highly valuable. It is thus important to have the necessary physical security in place to keep it safe.
Fire Suppression System: In case of a fire, you don’t want to have to spray the server room with water. Water would simply destroy all the equipment, ending in a massive disaster. For this type of system, fortunately, there are several options, which include FM-200 systems, Novec systems, and Inergen systems. All these are designed to extinguish fires while still keeping computer equipment safe.
Redundant Sources of Power: Having redundant sources of power is not only essential for keeping the equipment up and running all the time, but also to avoid power surges that may damage the servers along with other items in the room.
Cable Management Solutions: Server rooms often end up with a lot of cables. Designing the room to ensure that cables run properly under the floor or through the ceiling can help avoid huge messes.
Airflow Planning: Servers and other computer equipment generate plenty of heat. A good airflow plan can help prevent ‘hot spots’ and gets rid of heat from the area to ensure that it does not cause damage.