Depending on what drivers are driving, there are varying rules involved. The rules mentioned here in this guide by Surrey and Hampshire HGV training apply only to cars used for ‘carriage of goods by road’. This refers to any journey that’s made in part or entirely on roads that are open to the general public.
EU Drivers Hours Regulations generally apply to drivers of the majority of large goods vehicles (LGVs) that are more than 3.5 tonnes. In the cab of LGV drivers, they typically have a tachograph. The EU Drivers Hours regulations set limits for fortnightly, weekly, and daily driving and specifying minimal break times for the drivers while on the shift, together with daily and weekly rest periods. The Working Time Regulations cover these drivers.
The 2006 EU rules and regulations define a driver to be anybody who:
Drives a vehicle
In order to drive, S/he is carried on the car.
Any type of day driving places the driver under the EU scope and regulations for the rest of the day.b Hence, the driver has to be in compliance with driving daily, rest and break requirements, as well as weekly driving limits and rest requirements.
A driver who has driven for 4.5 hours is required to take an uninterrupted 45-minute break unless S/he takes a period of rest. (View below for more). While on this break, the driver is not required to perform any driving job.
That excludes performing ‘other’ tasks instead of driving – therefore, if the driver takes a 2.5-hour drive, performs other tasks for an hour, then continues to drive for another, then S/he should get a 45-minute break.
However, the 45-minute break is replaceable by a break of about 15 minutes and then followed by another break of around 30 minutes around a 4.5-hour duration.
Therefore, you can take a drive for 2 hours, get a 15-minute break, then drive for a further 2.5 hours and then take a 30-minute break. After taking the 45-minute break, the coming 4.5 hour driving time starts ( it is different for professional drivers who are Territorial Army members, which has not been covered here).
Daily Driving time
The optimum time for driving during the day is nine hours. So you can take a drive for around 4.5 hours, take a 45-minute break, then, later on, drive for another 4.5 hours. That is subject rise to 10 hours two times every week.
Daily Driving Time is the culmination of the driving period between the completion of a day’s rest duration and the start of the next daily rest period, or, the total driving time accumulated between a weekly rest period and a daily rest period.
Weekly Driving Limit
In a ‘fixed’ week, the overall weekly limit for driving is 56 hours. Thus, 2 x 10 hour days, plus 4 x 9 hour days totaling to 56 hours. A ‘fixed’ week begins on Monday midnight and finishes a week later.
Within every 24 hours, a driver is required to take a daily break and rest period. The resting period must run uninterrupted. Time otherwise spent working another job, including self-employment, does not constitute as rest.
The minimum rest period for the day is 11 hours and is referred to as a ‘regular’ daily rest period.
The driver might opt to split a standard daily rest period in two. The first period should, at the very least, consist of 3 hours of uninterrupted rest, which can be taken whenever as the day progresses. The second part should be about 9 hours of continuous rest, which gives a total of 12 hours.